Simple Future has two different forms in English: "will" and "be going to." Although the two forms can sometimes be used interchangeably, they often express two very different meanings. These different meanings might seem too abstract at first, but with time and practice, the differences will become clear. Both "will" and "be going to" refer to a specific time in the future.
[will + verb]
- You will help him later.
- Will you help him later?
- You will not help him later.
FORM Be Going To
[am/is/are + going to + verb]
- You are going to meet Jane tonight.
- Are you going to meet Jane tonight?
- You are not going to meet Jane tonight.
USE 1 "Will" to Express a Voluntary Action
"Will" often suggests that a speaker will do something voluntarily. A voluntary action is one the speaker offers to do for someone else. Often, we use "will" to respond to someone else's complaint or request for help. We also use "will" when we request that someone help us or volunteer to do something for us. Similarly, we use "will not" or "won't" when we refuse to voluntarily do something.
- I will send you the information when I get it.
- I will translate the email, so Mr. Smith can read it.
- Will you help me move this heavy table?
- Will you make dinner?
- I will not do your homework for you.
- I won't do all the housework myself!
- A: I'm really hungry.
B: I'll make some sandwiches.
- A: I'm so tired. I'm about to fall asleep.
B: I'll get you some coffee.
- A: The phone is ringing.
B: I'll get it.
USE 2 "Will" to Express a Promise
"Will" is usually used in promises.
- I will call you when I arrive.
- If I am elected President of the United States, I will make sure everyone has access to inexpensive health insurance.
- I promise I will not tell him about the surprise party.
- Don't worry, I'll be careful.
- I won't tell anyone your secret.
USE 3 "Be going to" to Express a Plan
"Be going to" expresses that something is a plan. It expresses the idea that a person intends to do something in the future. It does not matter whether the plan is realistic or not.
- He is going to spend his vacation in Hawaii.
- She is not going to spend her vacation in Hawaii.
- A: When are we going to meet each other tonight?
B: We are going to meet at 6 PM.
- I'm going to be an actor when I grow up.
- Michelle is going to begin medical school next year.
- They are going to drive all the way to Alaska.
- Who are you going to invite to the party?
- A: Who is going to make John's birthday cake?
B: Sue is going to make John's birthday cake.
USE 4 "Will" or "Be Going to" to Express a Prediction
Both "will" and "be going to" can express the idea of a general prediction about the future. Predictions are guesses about what might happen in the future. In "prediction" sentences, the subject usually has little control over the future and therefore USES 1-3 do not apply. In the following examples, there is no difference in meaning.
- The year 2222 will be a very interesting year.
- The year 2222 is going to be a very interesting year.
- John Smith will be the next President.
- John Smith is going to be the next President.
- The movie "Zenith" will win several Academy Awards.
- The movie "Zenith" is going to win several Academy Awards.
In the Simple Future, it is not always clear which USE the speaker has in mind. Often, there is more than one way to interpret a sentence's meaning.
Like all future forms, the Simple Future cannot be used in clauses beginning with time expressions such as: when, while, before, after, by the time, as soon as, if, unless, etc. Instead of Simple Future, Simple Present is used.
- When you will arrive tonight, we will go out for dinner. Not Correct
- When you arrive tonight, we will go out for dinner. Correct
The examples below show the placement for grammar adverbs such as: always, only, never, ever, still, just, etc.
- You will never help him.
- Will you ever help him?
- You are never going to meet Jane.
- Are you ever going to meet Jane?
ACTIVE / PASSIVE
- John will finish the work by 5:00 PM. Active
- The work will be finished by 5:00 PM. Passive
- Sally is going to make a beautiful dinner tonight. Active
- A beautiful dinner is going to be made by Sally tonight. Passive
REALIZA TODOS LOS EJERCICIOS Y TOMA FOTO DE TUS RESULTADOS
EXERCISES AND RELATED TOPICS
- Verb Tense Exercise 18 Will and Be Going to
- Verb Tense Exercise 19 Will and Be Going to
- Verb Tense Exercise 20 Will and Be Going to
- Verb Tense Exercise 21 Simple Present and Simple Future
- Verb Tense Exercise 22 Simple Present and Simple Future
What are object pronouns?
An object pronoun, also called objective pronoun, functions as the object of a verb or preposition, as distinguished from a subject or subjective pronoun, which is the subject of a verb.
Object pronouns are used instead of object nouns, usually because we already know what the object is.
- He begged her to live with him. (her is the object of the verb begged and him is the object of the preposition with)
- She told them the truth. (them is the object of the verb told)
- She's my friend. I really enjoy being with her.
- I like this film. I saw it last week.
Object pronouns in English are the following:
me, you, him, her, it, us, themObject pronouns come after either a verb (e.g "like") or a preposition (e.g "to").
Object pronouns differ from:
- I like you but you don't like me.
- Do you really hate her?
- She loves sitting next to him.
- She always writes e-mails to us.
- He's talking to her about it.
- Subject pronouns,
- possessive adjectives,
- possessive pronouns,
- and reflexive pronouns.
|Subject pronouns||Possessive adjectives||Possessive pronouns||Reflexive pronouns||Object pronouns|
|I am shy.|
|Look at me.||Mírame. (a mi)|
|You are crying.|
|Take a look at you!||Mírate. (a ti)|
|He is the president!|
|Listen to him.||Escúchalo. (a él)|
|She is an easy woman.|
|Look at her.||Mírala. (a ella)|
|It's for our little cat.|
|Look at it.||Míralo.|
|We are a nice group. See?|
|Look at us.||Míranos. (a nosotros)|
They are a happy family.
|Look at them.||Míralos: (a ellos/ ellas)|
Object PronounsClick the answer button to see the answer.